HTML Document Signing and Ratification of the CBD

Signing of International Conventions and agreement is a sign of  Governments committment and willingness to cooperate with other countries and international organisations in sustainably managing the scarce global resources.

Release date 23/03/2006
Contributor Nkula Mwanza
Geographical coverage Global, Rio de Janeiro, Zambia,
Keywords Signing, ratification, party to covention, CBD

The  Convention was opened for signature at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in Rio de Janeiro in June 1992. It entered into force on  29th December, 1993 and currently has 188 members.

The three (3) main objectives of the CBD are:

  1. The conservation of biological diversity;
  2. The sustainable use of its components, and;
  3. The fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources.


In line with Article 33. of the Convention, Zambia appended her signature to the Convention on 11th June, 1992.


The Convention was subsequently ratified on 28th May, 1993 in line with Article 34. of the Convention on Biological Diversity.

For further information on ratification by Parties to the Convention,  have a look at:

The list of Parties to the Convention on Biodiversity/ Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety and their ratication dates.